Corporate Governance

Obayashi believes that transparency and sound management, along with a strong corporate governance framework, are critical to maintaining society's trust.

We enhance corporate governance also to achieve sustainable growth and greater corporate value over the medium- to long-term. Specific initiatives include transparent, fair, rapid, and resolute decision-making. Such decision-making is always based on the principles of Japan's Corporate Governance Code set out by the Tokyo Stock Exchange.

Management Structure

Obayashi has a General Meeting of Shareholders, Board of Directors, Audit & Supervisory Board, financial auditor, and other statutory bodies. Additionally, we have established systems for making management decisions and conducting appropriate audits. We practice precise and swift decision-making through our executive officer system and Management Meeting. The latter is composed of members appointed from among the directors and executive officers.

Management Structure

Board of Directors

The Board of Directors consists of 12 members, of which 5 are independent directors. They are responsible for management decisions and business execution. They also supervise the execution of duties by other directors, executive officers, and employees. The tenure for directors is one year, which enables us to respond dynamically to changes in the business environment. We clarify directors' management responsibilities for each business year.

We ensure that mutual checks are performed using arrangements whereby the Chairman and its President both act as Representative Directors, with the Chairman of the Corporation serving as the Chairman of the Board of Directors thereby taking on the management supervisory function, rather than the President who heads the business execution function.

Chairman, who also serves as Chairman of the Board of Directors, plays an important role with respect to corporate governance. For instance, at meetings of the Board of Directors he prompts Outside Directors and others in attendance to discuss matters freely and strives to manage the meetings in a manner that results in constructive discussion. Besides the Board of Directors, he also acrively strives to communicate with Outside Directors and provides opportunities for them to further deepen their understanding of the Corporations's business and corporate culture.

Audit & Supervisory Board

The Audit & Supervisory Board consists of five members, including three outside members, with four-year terms. Audit & Supervisory Board members are independent from the directors. From this position, they conduct audits that follow the "Obayashi Audit Guidelines for Audit & Supervisory Board Members." Audits ensure that directors, executive officers, and employees are conducting business in compliance with the law and the Articles of Incorporation. To ensure Company financial statements are appropriate, the Audit & Supervisory Board members perform accounting audits. When appointing the financial auditor, the Audit & Supervisory Board checks how well the financial auditor is performing its duties and makes sure that the auditor's audit system, independence, and expertise are appropriate.

Management Meeting

The Management Meeting is composed of members appointed from among the directors and executive officers. It is held to report, discuss, instruct, and resolve on important management matters and ensure precise and swift decision-making.

Executive Officers

Executive officers receive authority from the Board of Directors to execute business operations. By concentrating on their executive duties, the executive officers achieve efficient business execution.

Executive Officers' Meeting

The Executive Officers' Meeting is comprised of directors and executive officers. The meeting is held to convey management strategies and report on the status of business execution.

Recommendation Committee and Remuneration Committee

The Recommendation Committee and Remuneration Committee are each headed by an independent director. Each has 7 members, including 2 directors and 5 Independent Directors. The Recommendation Committee deliberates on the selection process for directors, Audit & Supervisory Board members, and executive officers. The Remuneration Committee deliberates on remuneration for these persons. The results are submitted to the Board of Directors. This is intended to clarify the selection and remuneration decision processes, while ensuring transparency and objectivity.

Particularly when appointing and dismissing presidents, the Board of Directors offers direction regularly. The Board of Directors consists of executive directors who are highly knowledgeable in each business area and outside directors who possess extensive experience and expertise in corporate management. Candidate of Directors are focused on whether they have excellent character, knowledge, and capabilities, and also whether the individual can make a substantial contribution to development of the Company's business. We endeavor to take diversity into consideration in terms of gender, internationality, and other factors in selecting individual candidates.

Overview of the Corporate Governance Structure (As of June 24, 2021)

Form of organization Company with Audit & Supervisory Board
Members of the Board Number in Articles of Incorporation: Up to 15 persons
Actual Number: 12 persons (Of which, independent directors 5 persons)
Appointment term: 1 year
Remuneration: Basic remuneration and performance-linked monetary and stock remuneration
Audit & Supervisory Board members Actual Number: 5 persons (Of which, outside Audit & Supervisory Board members:3 persons)
Number of independent directors/auditors 8 persons
Executive officer system Yes
Financial auditor Ernst & Young ShinNihon LLC
Discretionary committees Recommendation Committee regarding directors, Audit & Supervisory Board members, and executive officers
Remuneration Committee regarding executive remuneration

Director Skill Matrix

Main Recent Initiatives to Enhance Corporate Governance

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Independent Directors and Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members

We have appointed three Independent Directors and 5 Outside Audit & Supervisory Board members. Independent Directors provide advice on improving management efficiency and supervise all aspects of management from an independent position. Outside Audit and Supervisory Board members are responsible for ensuring effective corporate governance by conducting third-party checks independent of management. Our standards for appointing independent officers (Independent Directors and Outside Audit & Supervisory Board members), including standards regarding independence, are as follows:

Requirements for Selection as an Independent Officer Candidate

  • 1 The Independent Director(*1)/Outside Audit & Supervisory Board member(*2) candidate ("Candidate") must have capabilities, knowledge, experience, and character suitable for such position at the Corporation. The Candidate must be able to provide directions and opinions to the Corporation's management from an independent and impartial standpoint.
  • 2 The Candidate must not be a former director, Audit & Supervisory Board member, or employee of the Corporation or any of its associated companies.
  • 3 The Candidate must not currently belong, and must not have belonged in the past, to an Accounting Auditor, law office, or main bank with which the Corporation currently has a contract.
  • 4 The Candidate must not currently be, and must not have been in the past, a major shareholder with an ownership stake of 10% or more. The Candidate must not currently belong, and must not have belonged in the past, to an entity that is a major shareholder.
  • 5 The Candidate must not currently belong, and must not have belonged in the past, to an entity that has a business relationship with the Corporation in which the annual amount of transactions has exceeded 2% of the net sales of both the Corporation and such entity during the last three fiscal years.
  • 6 The Candidate must not currently work, and must not have worked in the past, as an executive at a non-profit organization to which the Corporation has made an annual donation exceeding 20 million yen during the last three fiscal years.
  • 7 If the Candidate does not meet the requirements in 3. through 6., at least ten years must have passed since the candidate left the relevant entity.
  • 8 The Candidate must meet the requirements for an independent director/auditor pursuant to the provisions of the Tokyo Stock Exchange's Securities Listing Regulations.

*1 An outside director as per Article 2, Section 15 of the Companies Act
*2 Outside Audit & Supervisory Board member As per Article 2, Section 16 of the Companies Act

Independent Director Appointment Reasons and Activity Status

Independent Director Reason for Appointment and Activity in FY2021.3
Shinichi Koizumi Mr. Shinichi Koizumi has considerable experience, excellent capabilities, knowledge, and character gained through many years of involvement in management of Toray Industries, Inc. Since becoming Independent Director of the Corporation in 2015, he has provided valuable advice to the Corporation's management. The Corporation appointed him as an Independent Director in order to continue making use of his considerable experience and extensive knowledge in appropriate decision making by the Corporation's Board of Directors and supervision of management.
 Term of tenure: 6 years
 Attendance of the meetings of the Board of Directors: 12/12 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
 Attendance of the meetings of the Recommendation Committee: 3/3 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
 Attendance of the meetings of the Remuneration Committee: 6/6 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
Naoki Izumiya Mr. Naoki Izumiiya has considerable experience, excellent capabilitlies, knowledge, and character gained through many years of involvement in the management of the Asahi Group. Since becoming Independent Director of the Corporation in 2018, he has provided valuable advice to the Corporation's management. The Corporation appointed him as an Independent Director in order to continue having his considerable experience and extensive knowledge reflected in appropriate decision making by the Corporation's Board of Directors and supervision of management.
 Term of tenure: 3 years
 Attendance of the meetings of the Board of Directors: 12/12 times (Attendance rate:100%)
 Attendance of the meetings of the Recommendation Committee: 3/3 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
 Attendance of the meetings of the Remuneration Committee: 6/6 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
Yoko Kobayashi Ms. Yoko Kobayashi has considerable experience, excellent capabilities, knowledge, and character gained through involvement in sales, new business launches, etc. at the NTT Group, and serving as an officer and in similar positions. Since becoming Independent Director of the Corporation in 2020, she has provided valuable advice to the Corporation's management. The Corporation appointed her as an Independent Director in order to continue having his considerable experience and extensive knowledge reflected in appropriate decision making by the Corporation's Board of Directors and supervision of management.
 Term of tenure: 1 years
 Attendance of the meetings of the Board of Directors: 10/10 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
 Attendance of the meetings of the Recommendation Committee: 3/3 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
 Attendance of the meetings of the Remuneration Committee: 5/6 times (Attendance rate: 83%)
Masako Orii Ms. Masako Orii has considerable experience, excellent capabilities, knowledge, and character gained through involvement in sales, new business launches, etc. at the NTT Group, and serving as an officer and in similar positions. Since becoming Independent Director of the Corporation in 2020, she has provided valuable advice to the Corporation's management. The Corporation appointed her as a candidate for Independent Director in order to continue having his considerable experience and extensive knowledge reflected in appropriate decision making by the Corporation's Board of Directors and supervision of management.
 Term of tenure: 1 years
 Attendance of the meetings of the Board of Directors: 10/10 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
 Attendance of the meetings of the Recommendation Committee: 3/3 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
 Attendance of the meetings of the Remuneration Committee: 6/6 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
Hiroyuki Kato
*Appointed in June 2021
Mr.Hiroyuki Kato has considerable experience, excellent capabilities, knowledge, and character gained through involvement in management of Mitsui & Co.,Ltd. The Corporation appointed him as an Independent Director in order to have her considerable experience and extensive knowledge reflected in appropriate decision making by the Corporation's Board of Directors and supervision of management.

Outside Audit and Supervisory Board Members Appointment Reasons and Activity Status

Outside Audit and Supervisory Board Members Reason for Appointment and Activity in FY2021.3
Hiroshi Yokokawa After many years of involvement in economic, trade, and industry administration, Mr.Hiroshi Yokokawa gained experience in corporate management as Officer, Osaka Gas Co.,Ltd. In addition, he has excellent capabilities, knowledge, and character. The Corporation appointed him as an Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Member in order to make use of his considerable experience and extensive knowledge in audits of the Corporation.
 Term of tenure: 5 years
 Attendance of the meetings of the Board of Directors: 12/12 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
 Attendance of the meetings of the Audit and Supervisory Board: 17/17 times (Attendancerate: 100%)
Tetsuo Nakakita After many years of involvement in the administration of government policy on land, infrastructure and transport, Mr. Tetsuo Nakakita has also engaged in corporate management as President & CEO,West Japan Housing Industry Credit Guarantee Inc. since 2013. The Corporation appointed him as an Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Member in order to make use of his considerable experience and extensive knowledge in audits of the Corporation.
 Term of tenure: 3 years
 Attendance of the meetings of the Board of Directors: 12/12 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
 Attendance of the meetings of the Audit and Supervisory Board: 17/17 times (Attendancerate: 100%)
Akihiko Nakamura Although Mr. Akihiko Nakamura has expertise as an accounting expert, CPA and considerable experience and excellent capabilities, knowledge, and character related to corporate accounting. The Corporation appointed him as an Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Member in order to make use of his considerable experience and extensive knowledge in audits of the Corporation.
 Term of tenure: 3 years
 Attendance of the meetings of the Board of Directors: 12/12 times (Attendance rate: 100%)
 Attendance of the meetings of the Audit and Supervisory Board: 17/17 times (Attendancerate: 100%)

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Training of Members of the Board and Audit & Supervisory Board Members

The Directors make important management decisions and supervise management of the business. Audit & Supervisory Board Members audit the execution of duties by the Board of Directors, executive officers, and employees. Members of both bodies continually update their knowledge and skills relevant to these roles.

All Directors, Audit & Supervisory Board Members and executive officers take a training course each year led by outside instructors. The course covers corporate governance, business risk management, sustainability, and other topics. As necessary, we also provide other training opportunities for Directors and Audit & Supervisory Board Members. Such trainings may, for example, include external seminars. Audit & Supervisory Board Members regularly participate in external workshops to increase their understanding of their role and duties and learn the knowledge they need to perform them.

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Audits by Audit & Supervisory Board Members, Financial Auditor, and Internal Audit Arm (Three-Party Auditing)

The Audit & Supervisory Board members and financial auditor each conduct audits from their independent standpoints. Audit & Supervisory Board members receive reports and briefings as required from the financial auditor. The two parties also cooperate to raise the effectiveness of audits by sharing information and opinions. Meanwhile, the Internal Audit Department is responsible for all audits conducted separately from the Audit & Supervisory Board members and financial auditor. Such audits are performed according to Obayashi's Internal Audit Regulations. The purpose of these audits is to monitor the effectiveness of internal control and the execution of duties by each Company department.

Three-Party Auditing

The Audit & Supervisory Board members and the Internal Audit Department also share information and opinions to raise the effectiveness of audits.

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Policies for Determining Remuneration

The basic policy on remuneration for each Director and executive officer is to provide basic remuneration, a fixed amount that is determined in advance commensurate to the responsibilities of each position, and in addition determine the amount of performance-linked cash remuneration (bonus) and performance-linked stock remuneration for each fiscal year in accordance with actual contribution to business performance. The purpose is to secure outstanding human resources and provide incentive to each Director and executive officer to improve earnings and enhance corporate value.

Specifically, for basic remuneration (fixed cash remuneration), the Board of Directors, following deliberation by the Remuneration Committee (chaired by an Independent Director, and of which Independent Directors make up a majority of the membership), has set a remuneration table in accordance with position. At the end of each business year, the Remuneration Committee determines the remuneration of each Director and executive officer for the next fiscal year according to the table.

The goal of performance-linked cash remuneration (bonus) is to incentivize contributions to improving business performance each business year and to enhancing corporate value. Individuals are appraised based on pre-determined Group-wide performance indicators and targets for each individual. Cash bonuses are paid once a year to Directors and executive officers (excluding Independent Directors) based on the performance indicators and the degree of achievement of the individual's targets.

The cash remuneration given to Directors (i.e., the combined amount of basic remuneration and bonuses) is capped at ¥720 million per year in keeping with a resolution made at the 117th Ordinary General Meeting of Shareholders on June 24, 2021.

The performance-linked stock remuneration system is intended to incentivize contributions to improving business performance mainly over the medium to long term and to enhancing corporate and shareholder value. The system distributes Obayashi shares to Directors and executive officers (excluding Independent Directors and individuals residing overseas) based on the duties associated with each position and the degree of achievement of pre-established performance indicators. There is both fixed provision stock remuneration, meaning that the individual receives a predetermined number of shares commensurate to the duties associated with their position, and variable stock remuneration, wherein the number of shares received depends on the degree of achievement of performance indicators.

Variable stock remuneration is itself divided into two parts: short-term performance-linked stock remuneration (number of shares based on degree of achievement of short-term performance indicators) and medium- to long-term performance-linked stock remuneration (based on degree of achievement of medium- to long-term performance indicators).

The basic policy on Audit & Supervisory Board Member remuneration is to set an amount required to secure outstanding personnel. The ultimate aim thereby is to ensure that corporate governance functions effectively. Remuneration standards are established in advance through discussions by Audit & Supervisory Board Members. They are set separately for full-time and part-time members. Remuneration is determined in line with those standards, capped at ¥10 million per month in keeping with a resolution made at the 101st Ordinary General Meeting of Shareholders on June 29, 2005.

Total Remuneration of Members of the Board and Audit & Supervisory Board (FY2021.3)

Position Total remuneration and other compensation (millions of yen) Total remuneration and other compensation, by category (millions of yen) Number of officers in category
Basic remuneration (cash remuneration) Performance-linked stock remuneration (non-cash remuneration)
Directors (of which, Independent Directors) 497
(50)
497
(50)

(―)
12
(5)
Audit & Supervisory Board Members (of which, Outside Audit & Supervisory Board Members) 90
(31)
90
(31)

(―)
6
(3)

Note: The above includes the amount received by one Audit & Supervisory Board Member who stepped down upon the conclusion of the 116th Ordinary General Meeting of Shareholders on June 24, 2020.

Remuneration for Financial Auditor (FY2021.3)

Category Compensation paid for audit certification activities (millions of yen) Compensation paid for non-audit activities (millions of yen)
Obayashi Corporation 107 0
Consolidated subsidaries 82
Total 190 0

Name of the financial auditor: Ernst & Young ShinNihon LLC

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Establishment and Implementation of Internal Control System

We have established and implemented an internal control system per the Companies Act and Ordinance for Enforcement of the Companies Act. The purpose of the system is to ensure appropriate business operations throughout the Group.

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Evaluating Effectiveness of Board of Directors

The effectiveness of the Board of Directors as a whole is subject to analysis and evaluation once a year. These are based on the assessments and opinions of individual directors and Audit & Supervisory Board members on the Board of Directors' size, composition, management methods, state of deliberation, support systems, and more. The process takes place under the advice of an external legal office. In concrete terms, each director and Audit & Supervisory Board member fills out a questionnaire once a year on the board's management. The results are reported to the board and reflected in subsequent operations and more. An evaluation was done again in FY2021.3, and we judged that the Board of Directors continued to be effective. In response to the effectiveness evaluation results, we took measures to enhance the independent directors' understanding of our business. This includes providing opportunities to visit Obayashi offices in Japan and abroad. We will improve the status and operating methods of the Board of Directors as needed. Any improvements will be based on the opinions of the directors and the Audit & Supervisory Board members.

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Dialogue with Shareholders and Others

We consider the General Meeting of Shareholders an important forum for dialogue with our shareholders. We strive to disclose sufficient information about our business through business reports and explanations by the President and a question-and-answer session with management. Together with this, we are working to ensure even closer communication. Moreover, we hold financial results briefings for analysts and institutional investors (twice a year: after second quarter financial results and annual financial results announcements), financial results conference calls (twice a year: after our first quarter financial results and our third quarter financial results) and construction site tours or business briefings (twice a year). We also respond to IR media requests and participate in investor conferences and small meetings held by securities companies.

IR Activities

Activity FY2021.3 Description
First half Second half
Results briefings 2 times
(May, August)
2 times
(November, February)
(Target) Analysts and institutional investors (some shareholders)
・Financial results conference calls (twice a year: after our first quarter financial results and our third quarter financial results) (67 participants in May, 79 in August, 63 in November, and 69 in February)
・Held all financial results briefings with conference calls in consideration of the spread of COVID-19
IR coverage responses and interviews 42 times 42 times (Target) Securities analysts and institutional investors (some shareholders)
・142 individual interviews by assigned directors and the Corporate Communications Department (99 persons in Japan and 43 overseas)
Participation in securities company conferences 1 time 2 times (Target) Overseas institutional investors (some shareholders)
・17 total participations by assigned directors, general manager of Accounting Department, and the Corporate Communications Department in conferences held by securities companies, with individual interviews
Overseas IR activities 1 time - (Target) Overseas major shareholders overseas The President normally visits the U.K. to explain our business strategy and business performance every year. However, this was done via a conference call in June in consideration of the spread of COVID-19.
Construction site tours / Business briegings 1 time 1 time (Target) Analysts and institutional investors (some shareholders)
・Held to introduce our business
・Held a briefing session with a conference call about real estate development business in September
・Held an online briefing session about innovation creation initiatives in March
・Postponed construction site tours in consideration of the spread of COVID-19
Individual explanations to major shareholders - 11 times (Target) Institutional investors who are major shareholders
・Individual visits and interviews by with the president, assigned directors, and general manager of General Administration Department, with explanations of rigorous compliance measures, executive officer nomination agenda items, etc.

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Corporate Governance Report

In accordance with the Japanese Corporate Governance Code set forth by the Tokyo Stock Exchange, Obayashi submits Corporate Governance Report.

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